Bone Grafting in Plantation 

What is a Bone Graft?

Over time, jaw bone loss from missing teeth can make it difficult to place dental implants. Bone grafting offers a solution by replacing lost bone and stimulating new growth. This allows for proper implant placement and restores both function and aesthetics.

Consequences of Tooth and Jaw Bone Loss:

  1. Remaining teeth issues: Misalignment, drifting, loosening, and loss
  2. Collapsed facial profile
  3. Limited lip support
  4. Skin wrinkling around the mouth
  5. Distortion of facial features
  6. Jaw (TMJ) pain, facial pain, and headaches
  7. Difficulty speaking and communicating
  8. Inadequate nutrition due to chewing difficulties and pain
  9. Sinus expansion

Major Bone Grafting

Bone grafting repairs implant sites with insufficient bone from extractions, gum disease, or injuries. Bone can be sourced from a tissue bank or the patient’s own jaw, hip, or tibia. Sinus bone grafts address bone loss in the upper jaw. Special membranes aid in bone protection and regeneration, known as guided bone regeneration.

Using the patient’s blood in a graft unlocks its biological healing potential. Mixing blood into a graft improves healing in previously challenging areas.

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Reasons for Jaw Bone Loss and Deterioration:

  1. Tooth Extractions: Loss of natural teeth leads to jaw bone deterioration due to lack of stimulation.
  2. Periodontal Disease: Infections gradually destroy tooth support structures, leading to bone loss.
  3. Dentures/Bridgework: Unanchored dentures and bridges can cause bone resorption over time.
  4. Facial Trauma: Injuries like knocked-out teeth or jaw fractures can result in bone loss.
  5. Misalignment: Teeth misalignment and unopposed teeth can lead to bone deterioration.
  6. Sinus Deficiencies: Removal of upper molars can cause sinus expansion, resulting in insufficient bone for implants.

Types of Bone Grafts:

  1. Autogenous Bone Grafts: Made from your own bone, harvested from various body parts. Contains living elements that enhance bone growth but requires a second procedure.

  2. Allogenic Bone: Dead bone from a cadaver, acts as a scaffold for surrounding bone growth. No need for a second procedure but may have slower regeneration.

  3. Xenogenic Bone: Derived from another species, processed to avoid rejection. Also acts as a scaffold but may have slower regeneration.

PRP (Platelet Rich Plasma): Enhances bone growth by using the patient’s own blood components mixed with bone grafts to maximize regeneration.